Arne's Duncan's 'Humpty Dumpty' version of reality evidenced in recent speech

[Editor's Note: The following commentary — followed by the Duncan speech — was first offered by Monty Neill of Fair Test on a recent speech by Arne Duncan. Monty Neill's commentary is followed by the complete text of Duncan's speech (in italics)].

Below is the text of a talk Duncan is to give today, announcing start of DC-based talks among "stakeholders" regarding the reauthorization of NCLB.

Jerry Bracey (on ARN-L) has responded to a reporter who noted there is nothing concrete in Duncan's speech. My own take on why that is the case is that he typically offers general platitudes, tailored somewhat to each audience, that mask not his lack of knowledge so much as what he and his department are doing behind the scenes.

Behind the oleagenous rhetoric of U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan (warily above) is a record of deception, mendacity, and racism that destroyed and privatized more than 50 public schools while casting thousands of children, most of them poor African Americans, out onto the streets of Chicago. The Chicago "body count" of dead teenagers began rising in Chicago after Duncan began closing what he called "failing" public schools and forcing their students to cross gang territorial boundaries to get to their new schools. In addition to creating a whole new category of dropouts (when students could not go to their new schools because of Chicago's massive gang deployments), Duncan's privatization and charterization programs led directly to an increase in gang violence that was first forecast by Substance and others in 2003 and which continues to this day. Behind Duncan's rhetoric is a fierce commitment to the destruction of public schools and their replacement by "free market" choice schools based on a now discredited economic ideology most comprehensively espoused by Ayn Rand. Substance caption and photo by George N. Schmidt. Recall that for months he went around the country telling every state that if they had a cap on charters, they would not be eligible for Race to the Top funds. Well, having no cap has become important, but it is not a requirement that precludes eligibility. Instead, the one requirement that could preclude eligibility is being able to link the wholly inadequate state test scores to individual teachers. Then (as with charters), the finalized requirements will presumably reward states that go the furthest in misusing the inadequate tests to grant tenure, award salary increases, or fire teachers. (I doubt this will change in the final requirements and expect points to be awarded for more extreme versions of payment for test scores - and I hope I am wrong.)

More broadly, for months Duncan focused on the four assurances stated in the Recovery Act and slightly elaborated in a spring letter to the Governors. Those four were not sufficient for really improving schools, but they could have been helpful and set the grounds for an overhaul of ESEA/NCLB that would have made it into a beneficial instead of destructive law. Instead, behind the scenes, Duncan's department crafted RTTT, which (if the guidelines do not significantly change) will only intensify the damage of NCLB. It is, contrary to his oft-repeated mantra of tight on goals and loose on methods (borrowed from the language of the Fordham Foundation), tight on both - with lots of bad details in the tightness. That says that not only does Duncan use vague language to cover his actual harmful agenda, he also misleads and deflects. (From various sources in Chicago, I gather the vagueness disguising his actual agenda and his misleading use of language were attributes of his CEO-ship.) Of course it may be he believes he is tight on goals and loose on methods, but that only parallels the pronouncements of Humpty Dumpty in Alice Through the Looking Glass: "When I use a word,' Humpty Dumpty said in rather a scornful tone, 'it means just what I choose it to mean — neither more nor less."

"The question is," said Alice, "whether you can make words mean so many different things."

"The question is," said Humpty Dumpty, "which is to be master— that's all." (obtained from Wikiquote)

The problem, in short, is not what Duncan does or does not know about education, or even that his talks lack substance, but that the substance generated by his Department will hurt, not help, education.

Finally, I would note that in his talk Duncan continues the tradition now decades old of assuming that schools alone can overcome the effects of poverty. I got into school issues because I think education can be a whole lot better than it was or now is - if society as a whole wants them to be. I continue to think that improving schools is a valuable effort in its own right - but that there is no reason at all to conclude they can be sufficient for overcoming intense class hierarchy, poverty or racism.

Monty Neill

Monty Neill, Ed.D.

Interim Executive Director


15 Court Sq., Ste. 820

Boston, MA 02108

857-350-8207 x 101

fax 857-350-8209

Prepared Duncan Speech:

Good morning and thank you so much for coming today.

Chicago's Peter Cunningham (above, standing facing camera at the June 19, 2009 breakfast with Arne Duncan for "Advance Illinois") is in charge of all of Duncan's speeches and media relations. Cunningham was overseer of the Chicago Board of Education's media relations during the years (2001- 2008) Duncan served as "Chief Executive Officer" of Chicago's public schools. Cunningham had final approval over all of Duncan's public speeches and usually rehearsed Duncan in talking points when a subject was more complex than a few simple sound bites. He is now in charge of public relations for the U.S. Department of Education, including the "rebranding" of No Child Left Behind and the marketing of "Race to the Top." Substance caption and photograph by George N. Schmidt.As you know, this is the first of a series of public conversations our department is holding here in D.C. on reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

This is the final phase of our Listening and Learning tour that has taken me to about 30 states and hundreds of schools. I have spoken with students, parents and educators all across America.

I heard their voices — their expectations, hopes and dreams for themselves and their kids. They were candid about their fears and frustrations. They did not always understand why some schools struggle while others thrive. They understood profoundly that great teaching and school leadership is the key to a great education for their kids.

Whether it’s in rural Alaska or inner-city Detroit, everyone everywhere shares a common belief that education is America’s economic salvation.

They see education as the one true path out of poverty – the great equalizer that overcomes differences in background, culture and privilege. It’s the only way to secure our common future in a competitive global economy.

Everyone wants the best for their children and they are willing to take greater responsibility. Nobody questions our purpose.

But when it comes to defining the federal role in an education system that evolved over a century-and-a-half — from isolated one-room schoolhouses to urban mega districts — there’s a lot of confusion, uncertainty, and division.

People want support from Washington but not interference. They want accountability but not oversight. They want national leadership but not at the expense of local control.

As a former superintendent, I can tell you that I never looked forward to calls from Washington.

And now that I’m here I’m even more convinced that the best solutions begin with parents and teachers working together in the home and the classroom.

Our role in Washington is to support reform by encouraging high standards, bold approaches to helping struggling schools, closing the achievement gap, strengthening the field of education, reducing the dropout rate and boosting college access.

ESEA dates back to 1965 and it has undergone a lot of changes over the years, though none as dramatic as the 2002 version known as No Child Left Behind.

Few laws have generated more debate. Few subjects divide educators so intensely.

Many teachers complain bitterly about NCLB’s emphasis on testing. Principals hate being labeled as failures. Superintendents say it wasn’t adequately funded.

And many parents just view it as a toxic brand that isn’t helping children learn.

Some people accuse NCLB of over-reaching while others say that it doesn’t go far enough in holding people accountable for results.

I always give NCLB credit for exposing achievement gaps, and for requiring that we measure our efforts to improve education by looking at outcomes, rather than inputs. NCLB helped expand the standards and accountability movement. Today, we expect districts, principals and teachers to take responsibility for the academic performance of their schools and students.

And while existing state tests are not ideal measures of student achievement, they are the best we have at the moment.

Until states develop better assessments – which we will support and fund through Race to the Top — we must rely on standardized tests to monitor progress — but this is an important area for reform and an important conversation to have.

I also agree with some NCLB critics: the law was underfunded -- it unfairly labeled many schools as failures even when they were making progress -- it places too much emphasis on raw test scores rather than student growth -- and it is overly prescriptive in some ways while it is too blunt an instrument of reform in others.

But the biggest problem with NCLB is that it doesn’t encourage high learning standards.

In fact, it inadvertently encourages states to lower them. The net effect is that we are lying to children and parents by telling kids they are succeeding when they are not.

It’s one reason our schools produce millions of young people who aren’t completing college. They are simply not ready for college-level work when they leave high school.

Low standards also contribute to the nation’s high school dropout rate.

When kids aren’t challenged they are bored -- and when they are bored they quit.

In my view, we should be tighter on the goals – with clear standards set by states that truly prepare young people for college and careers – but we should be looser on the means for meeting those goals.

We must be flexible and accommodating as states and districts – working with parents and non-profits -- develop educational solutions. We should be open to new ideas, we should encourage innovation, and we should build on what we know works.

We don’t believe that local educators need a prescription for success. But they do need a common definition of success -- focused on student achievement, high school graduation and college.

We need to agree on what’s important and how to measure it or we will continue to have the same old adult arguments – while ignoring children.

So there’s a lot about NCLB and American education that needs to change.

Over the coming months the administration will be developing its proposal for reauthorization. Before we do, however, we want to hear from you. We want your input.

Many of you represent key stakeholders. Many of you have expertise. And I know that you all have opinions. Now’s the time to voice them.

You also share our commitment to children and to ensuring that when they grow up they are able to compete in the global economy of the future.

Today, there’s a real and growing concern among parents that their children will be worse off than they are. The only way to address their concern is by improving education. We must educate our way to a better economy.

A few statistics tell the story:

27% of America’s young people drop out of high school.

Recent international tests in math and science show our students trail their peers in several other countries.

17-year olds today are performing at the exact same levels in math and reading as they were in the early 1970’s on the NAEP test.

And just 40% of young people earn a two-year or four-year college degree.

The U.S. now ranks 10th in the world in the rate of college completion for 25- to 34-year-olds. A generation ago, we were first in the world but we’re falling behind. The global achievement gap is growing.

The president has challenged us to boost our college completion rate to 60% by the end of the next decade.

We want to be first in the world again and to get there we cannot waste a minute. Every year counts. Every class counts. Every child counts.

And so the work of reauthorizing ESEA begins in states and districts across America – among educators and policy makers, parents and community leaders.

Our task is to unite education stakeholders behind a national school reform movement that reaches into every town and city – and we need your help to do it.

In the coming weeks, two people who are developing our proposal will convene these conversations -- Assistant Secretary for Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development Carmel Martin – and Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education Thelma Melendez. I will attend as often as possible as will other members of our staff.

To begin the conversation, I want to take you back to a few years before the original ESEA was passed in 1965.

I want to take you back to 1963 -- to a jail cell in Birmingham, Alabama, where a courageous young Black preacher fighting to end segregation was illegally confined for three days after being arrested for leading non-violent protests in the city.

He had nothing to pass the time except for local newspapers – one of which ran an open letter from several White clergymen urging patience and faith and encouraging Blacks to take their fight for integration out of the streets and into the courts.

That preacher wrote a response to those White clergymen in the margins of a newspaper. It was Martin Luther King’s Letter from Birmingham Jail – one of the most powerful and moving pieces of writing I have ever read.

It ran almost 7000 words and eloquently made the case for non-violent civil disobedience – precisely because state and local governments continued to drag their feet in integrating schools and communities and the judicial path would take too long.

This was nine years after the Supreme Court ruled that segregated schools violated the constitution, but most minorities were still isolated in their own classrooms. Many still are today and we must work together to change that.

The Birmingham letter explained why Blacks could not wait for judges across America to hear their cases and issues their rulings.

Blacks had been waiting for centuries and – with Dr. King’s leadership – they would wait no longer.

Even many of King’s allies in the civil rights movement – like Roy Wilkins of the NAACP and Thurgood Marshall who would later serve on the Supreme Court -- were urging the legal route – in part to avoid confrontations for fear that they would lead to violence – as they eventually did in Birmingham.

King had to convince them as well, that they could not wait. As he told them, justice too long delayed is justice denied.

Now I mention this because we are now in our fifth decade of ESEA – nearly half a century of education reform and direct federal involvement in this state and local issue.

We’ve had five decades of reforms, countless studies, watershed reports like A Nation At Risk, and repeated affirmations and commitments from the body politic to finally make education a national priority.

And yet we are still waiting for the day when every child in America has a high quality education that prepares him or her for the future.

We’re still waiting to get great teachers and principals into underperforming schools.

We’re still waiting for a testing and accountability system that accurately and fairly measures student growth and uses data to drive instruction and teacher evaluation.

We’re still waiting for America to replace an agrarian 19th century school calendar with an information age calendar that increases learning time on a par with other countries.

We’re still waiting and we can’t wait any longer.

Despite some measurable progress in narrowing achievement gaps, boosting college enrollment and developing innovative learning models, we are still waiting for the day when we can take success to scale in poor as well as wealthy communities – in rural, urban and suburban communities.

For too many of our children -- the promise of an excellent education has never materialized. We remain complacent about education reform – distracted by tired arguments and divided by the politics of the moment.

We can’t let that happen. In this new century and in this global economy, it is not only unacceptable to delay and defer needed reforms – it’s self-destructive. We can’t allow so much as one more day to go by without advancing our education agenda.

We need to bring a greater sense of urgency to this task – built around our collective understanding that there is no more important work in society than educating children and nothing should stand in our way – not adult dysfunction, not politics, and not fear of change. We must have the courage to do the right thing.

And to those who say that we can’t do this right now – we need more time to prepare and study the problem – or the timing and the politics isn’t right – I say that our kids can’t wait and our future won’t wait.

When the ministers in Birmingham told King his protests were untimely King responded: “I have yet to engage in a direct action campaign that was “well-timed...”

This is our responsibility and our opportunity and we can’t let it to slip away.

The President has talked a lot about responsibility. He’s challenged parents and students to step up and do more. He’s challenged teachers and principals to step up and do more.

He’s called on business and community leaders and elected officials at every level of government to step up and do more.

Education is everyone’s responsibility – and you who represent millions of people across this country with a direct stake in the outcome of reauthorization – have a responsibility as well – to step up and do more.

It’s not enough to define the problem. We’ve had that for 50 years. We need to find solutions – based on the very best evidence and the very best ideas.

So today I am calling on all of you to join with us to build a transformative education law that offers every child the education they want and need – a law that recognizes and reinforces the proper role of the federal government to support and drive reform at the state and local level.

Let’s build a law that respects the honored, noble status of educators – who should be valued as skilled professionals rather than mere practitioners and compensated accordingly.

Let us end the culture of blame, self-interest and disrespect that has demeaned the field of education. Instead, let’s encourage, recognize, and reward excellence in teaching and be honest with each other about its absence.

Let us build a law that demands real accountability tied to growth and gain in the classroom – rather than utopian goals – a law that encourages educators to work with children at every level – and not just the ones near the middle who can be lifted over the bar of proficiency with minimal effort.

Let us build a law that discourages a narrowing of curriculum and promotes a well-rounded education that draws children into sciences and history, languages and the arts in order to build a society distinguished by both intellectual and economic prowess.

Let us build a law that brings equity and opportunity to those who are economically disadvantaged, or challenged by disabilities or background – a law that finally responds to King’s inspiring call for equality and justice from the Birmingham jail and the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.

Let us build an education law that is worthy of a great nation – a law that our children and their children will point to as a decisive moment in America’s history – a law that inspires a new generation of young people to go into teaching – and inspires all America to shoulder responsibility for building a new foundation of growth and possibility.

I ask all of us here today – and in school buildings and communities across America -- to roll up our sleeves and work together and get beyond differences of party, politics and philosophy.

Let us finally and fully devote ourselves to meeting the promise of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness embedded in our founding documents.

More than any other issue, education is the civil rights issue of our generation and it can’t wait -- because tomorrow won’t wait – the world won’t wait – and our children won’t wait.

Thank you.


September 25, 2009 at 6:13 PM

By: kugler

Arne Said He would stop Lying

What happened?

“In too many places I think, Bob, we are — honestly, we’re lying to children,” Duncan added, “And let me explain what I mean. If a child hears they’re quote-unquote 'meeting the state standard,' that child, that parent, the logical assumption is, they’re going to be on track to be successful. But in way too many places around the country, children that are meeting that standard, because the bar is so low because it has been dummied down, they’re barely able to go to high school — to graduate from high school and they are totally inadequately prepared to be successful in higher education. That has to change.... We have to stop lying to children.”§ion=Article

September 27, 2009 at 7:23 PM

By: Danny Weil


See the oncoming tour of Gingrich, Sharpton and Duncan and the ideology of neo-liberalism they will spread as a rancid menage de trois!


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