What we can learn from The New York Times football hoax...What We Can Learn From a 1941 Football Hoax...

"How to Lie with Statistics," written in 1954, and a standard college text for the introduction to statistics, offers a lot of useful warnings about numbers: Correlation does not imply causation, how statistical graphs can be used to distort reality, and so on. But Morris Newburger, a respected Wall Street broker and avid football fan, went one better.

Newburger may have never believed that there was a Slippery Rock State Teachers College, but, as Bob Busch also notes, there was (and is) one. It's in the Pennsylvania mountains, and has been there for longer than a century. Which bring Substance readers to the classic Chicago reminder (from the City New Bureau): "If your mother says she loves you, check it out!" Forget the Quarterback Sneak: A Deception Play for the Ages, appearing on A1 of the New York Times sports section, January 16, 2016, recounts Newburger's 1941 football scores hoax. For those of us who care about the way school data is thrown around in the media, Newburger's hoax has a very modern ring to it: Newspapers reported the numbers without seeing the game.

The story becomes How the Press Gets Duped by Statistics.

Legendary sports writer (who also wrote prize-winning children�s books and co-authored Dick Gregory�s Nigger) Robert Lipsyte wrote about this hoax in the New York Times, September 26, 1968.

A sports fan, Newburger never quite believed all the football scores he read in the newspaper. He never really believed, for example, in the existence of Slippery Rock State Teachers College whose scores were dutifully recorded in the New York Times

And so he came up with the idea of Plainfield Teachers State Teachers College, whose weekly scores he and a friend called in to the papers. Here's Lipsyte on what happened:

Morris Newburger's first dupe--and now his wittiest chronicler--was Harold Rosenthal, who is on the staff of the American Football League. On Saturday evening, Oct. 15, 1941, Rosenthal was on the harried sports rewrite desk of The New York Herald Tribune. A man called with a small-college football score: Plainfield Teachers 27, Winona 3.

"Plainfield Teachers, that a New Jersey school?"

"Yes," said Morris Newburger.�

Rosenthal explained years later that it was "not uncommon for the smallest schools to telephone their scores because of a lack of telegraph facilities. Also a number of small schools took up and dropped football continually so it was hard to keep up with them all.

That first Plainfield Teachers College score appeared in The Tribune and in The New York Times.

Energized by this initial success, Newburger kept calling in weekly scores -- and he began issuing press releases on Plainfield Teachers College letterhead -- extolling the talents of Johnny Chung, a 6-foot-3, 212-pound halfback who was half-Chinese, half-Hawaiian who ate wild rice at halftime.

Soon, newspapers went beyond reporting the weekly scores. Columnists began writing about the team -- and about Johnny Chung.

The obvious parallel these days is the hoo-ha invented about schools. How many classrooms have members of the New York Times editorial board visited? For how many minutes?

How about Thomas Friedman?

David Brooks?

Frank Bruni?

But they can all tell you about the public school equivalent of 6-foot-3, 212-pound Johnny Chung eating wild rice at halftime.

Beware of numbers traveling as solutions. . . or even as descriptors.


January 18, 2016 at 8:18 AM

By: Bob Busch


My high school biology teacher was a graduate of Slippery Rock Teachers College.

July 30, 2023 at 5:13 AM

By: Skyesvfs

asiame scam

Others won’t even make associates with anybody that they solely met on-line as a result of belief points. This is because of the number of its members, the value, and the efficiency structure. Then, each site has quite a few issues that you may take into consideration. A sufficiently huge number of users and good possibilities of building a romantic relationship with Asian women point out that one among the numerous base of free Asian dating websites AsianMelodies is nice. When George Silvino, from Sydney, walked on stage for the dating show Take Me Out, two women of Asian descent instantly decided they were not interested him. Successful males just like the well-known actor Nicolas Cage, the founding father of Facebook Mark Zuckerberg or the music legend John Lennon, had been all married to girls of Asian descent. Social networks like Facebook are also notably helpful for this function, as well as apps like Tinder and even Snapchat. You'll be able to easily register through electronic mail or Fb - and you can then begin on the lookout for lovely and beautiful Asian ladies and check the primary functions of this relationship site. Show that handsome face that girls on our webpage will love and begin chatting to single asian girls in no time in any respect.

She will help you numerous to get to know her and to scale back your anxieties and your fears. You will have a right to know how issues are finished and don’t be ashamed to make use of this proper. Create your profile - the very first thing you have to do is create your online relationship profile. Among all of the sorts of dating sites discovered on the web, some concentrate on Asian dating. If you're concerned with relationship with an oriental woman, and if you wish to do it through the Internet, using online Asian relationship web sites, there are some things it is advisable know. For some girls, the only chance they'd have of doing all these exciting things is to marry a foreigner. For those who fill out your profile properly, you have already got one of the best possibilities of finding a new companion. You will have more chances to find a loving bride and companion for marriage after offering some information in your character. Loads of options that are available to users at JollyRomance help simplify the search and increase the probabilities of discovering their soulmate, husband, or wife on the web.

Whereas marrying domestically would bring an Asian woman a way of life predictably just like that of her mom and other feminine family members, finding a husband overseas is thrilling and potentially adventurous. How to begin finding single women on Interracial Courting Central? DateAsianGirl is the perfect online Asian asiame scam dating site for males looking for single Asian girls. It's so important as a result of this way you see how many people use this relationship site. Day-after-day, hundreds of new Asian girls sign updated and meet with great guys from Western countries, so you'll be capable to see new faces almost on daily basis! Yow will discover single Asian ladies and start getting in touch with them. We have studied what people want and the way individuals need it, and we attempt to make it as intuitive and as fun as we will. You now not should go on a million dates; just discover the one that fits your wants and start a relationship. On-line Games Most Asians like to play online video games and if your actual intention is to meet Asian associates, then this is considered as probably the greatest locations for you. If you need to connect with hundreds of Asians for courting, you could possibly learn the Asian courting sites evaluate.

Asian interracial relationship websites are created to make your couple jubilant and profitable. One among the key components that make Metro Private stand out in this business is our No Blind Dating system (please view our Q&A web page for more details). It additionally boasts one of the vital diverse consumer bases in the world. JollyRomance is likely one of the pretty good Asian interracial relationship websites to search out your love. One would possibly say that their character and behavior are paying homage to that of our mothers and grandmothers and that they evoke the feeling of warmth related to our childhood houses. In the privateness of their dwelling, she would possibly express her opinion on an necessary matter, nevertheless it doesn't suggest she would ever impose her will on anyone. In case the answer to any of those questions is Sure, Asian mail order brides may be just what you are on the lookout for. If you are looking ahead to having conferences or organizing a marriage ceremony with oriental women, if you are aimed at an extended-lasting relationship and love, each Asian girlfriend will be a really perfect bride for marriage. Also, you can indicate your desires concerning nationality, religion, or age of your future girlfriend.

July 30, 2023 at 11:31 AM

By: Smithmdv


This scheme persisted with little change for some thousand years after Isidore. Someone else wrote: 'Shakira objectifies and objectifies herself by denigrating her ex's new companion underneath the phrase 'change a Rolex for a Casio'. You don’t essentially have to exit together with her in the event you do not know her well, simply spend time getting to know one another the same manner you would when you were courting somebody from Europe or Asia. Observe that the company supplies relationship providers and nothing but dating companies-men can’t pay for getting a wife, however males be part of the location and use matching companies to seek out someone special and pay for premium features like messaging, video, and cellphone calls to begin a relationship with one of many Latin brides. LatinAmericanCupid has over 3 million members and is certainly one of the most popular Latin dating websites. Solely Gold and Platinum members have the option to send audio and video messages. Members take pleasure in seeing each other because it makes the relationship apply feel more actual.

Furthermore, these ladies are very soulful and are extra possible to choose a superb and passionate man than a boring silk-stocking. Platinum membership happens to be a bit costlier. China's inland areas can also be identified as being culturally numerous. If a man enjoys being on time, it's inspired for them to have their new Latin brides begin to get ready at the least an hour prematurely. That's the reason men from everywhere in the world search out Latin girls mail order brides from on-line dating businesses. Nonetheless, not only are courting providers and companies authorized, they're designed to help match up people who are critical about developing lasting relationships with each party’s safety and curiosity in mind. When seeking out a Latin bride, it's crucial for a man to know what his expectations are, in order that he can get matched with the best possible match possible. The very best Latin brides are found on reputable relationship businesses that specialize in Latin brides for marriage. Many customers are also found using a video chatting feature to make a romantic connection with your soulmate. The most popular question most western guys normally ask is the true motives of Latin women for utilizing dating websites.

They're extraordinarily stunning, and there are a lot of Latin women celebrities to demonstrate that they've a massive amount of expertise in fields like performing and singing. Right here is a listing of celebrities that you just could also be aware of in order that you recognize can see what you possibly can look ahead to by dating these extraordinary girls. They take nice care of their appearance, which at occasions can be time-consuming. Properly, you would take your chances and take a look at bumping into one at your local supermarket. Narrated by Burl Ives, with an original orchestral score by Johnny Marks, Rudolph the Crimson-Nosed Reindeer was an instant hit and at present is without doubt one of the longest-operating Christmas specials in tv history. You may be searching for your true love in cafes, clubs, events, and totally different public locations and nonetheless fail to choose up the one you want. First of all, you want to make use of Thai dating websites if you would like to fulfill true Latin girls online. Latin mail order brides: The way to never occur on dating scammers? I look ahead to having plenty of latina dating. The hot button is to get to know a woman’s background, and there are plenty of Latin brides on-line to select from that may meet these expectations.

Latin ladies are emotional and passionate, but they are seeking a partnership with their mates. There are real stories of success on these websites, and lots of them don't have any cost for just registering a profile to start looking. EU and Chinese officials have told Reuters that Chinese language banks are trying mainly at telecoms and know-how initiatives. A supply told The Solar: 'Gerard and Clara have been seeing each other for months. Lots of people have used online courting companies to find their perfect mates. Some people are just a little leery about such a thought. There isn't a argument latamdate review that Latin ladies are a few of probably the most beautiful creatures on earth. If a man is on the lookout for a fast fling, a passionate Latin woman won't be the best choice. Men, who're in search of girls that can love them unconditionally, normally find yourself with a Latin girl, because that is what they are infamous for. They are all the time looking to higher themselves and supply for their families. They need to raise families as a result of they were raised in loving families themselves. These relationship sites want to avoid wasting people time and broaden potential opportunities. Its features like this that show how much eHarmony is concentrated on discovering the correct people for each other.

January 27, 2024 at 2:23 AM

By: Volkmerfwt review

Dating a accomplice with a special background may be an exciting expertise; nevertheless, earlier than you start a relationship with a foreign girl, it's important to know what it’s wish to reside in her home country. Your accomplice will admire it in case you present her flowers or a significant reward. We are going to determine in the next paragraphs. How are you able to stand out among them? Everyone knows that it is a medium which can be utilized to fetch any variety of information, even about your date. All you want is to know the specifics of her current each day life and have something higher to offer to her. You may not know that a number of the Christian dating options on-line are not Christian but declare to be. It is publicly recognized that Chinese language girls are lovely. A very common type of communication on most Chinese women dating sites. There are giant quantities of Chinese dating sites the place single guys can discover their dream Chinese woman for marriage. Why are there increasingly more western men possible to seek out Chinese language women for marriage or love?

Courting sites in last couple of years have seen a dramatic improve in memberships and with the current world financial scenario, it is expected that even increasingly more folks will likely be turning to free online dating sites to satisfy a possible match. China is the most populous nation in the world. Though there are many wealthy people and the usual of life is increased and higher under the management of CPC, there is still stuffed with job competition and arduous struggles for many individuals in China. World wide there are millions of courting sites which let you develop a friendship with beautiful ladies and discover true love. Consolation the husbands' anger first and then discover a proper time to communicate until the problem is settled. The Chinese have been late entrants to on-line relationship but in a brief span of time the Chinese dating scene has seen an enormous explosion. This is a derogatory term used to explain single Chinese girls, most of whom are college graduates, have decent jobs, and are financially unbiased. Chinese brides can rapidly adapt and be emotionally unbiased to provide their males area and support wanted throughout difficult instances.

Who're Chinese language brides? You don't want so far a person who is using a faux profile or luring chnlove you into bother. It is a great tool for women and males that don't want to waste time in a meeting or occurring infinite dates to see if there may be chemistry or a connection. For individuals that have not given private on-line dating a strive, it's an opportune time to become concerned and meet singles in their native area. Tantan - Greatest for individuals wanting to fulfill someone new and make meaningful connections. Nevertheless most churches do not have the sources to fulfill the needs of Singles. Thousands and thousands of singles are on the lookout for a lifelong accomplice, a date, companionship, romance or soul mate and with online courting websites, everyone has a practical different as opposed to assembly someone in a bar setting or any other sort of activity. So, be aware of such relationship sites, they can entice you and put you into serious hassle. On free dating sites, it is free to sign up, to speak with single ladies on it. Once you enroll on a courting site, write faithfully and inform your relationship standing, schooling, career, present earnings or anything else in line with the details.

Plus, it’s tremendous straightforward to use - just enroll and begin swiping! What free relationship websites do the Chinese use? Many Chinese language girls are focused on education and professional career. Males from different parts of the world have all the time been mesmerized by stunning Asian ladies. AsiaCharm has gathered collectively individuals from everywhere in the world. Respect, honesty, supportiveness all come second after this; these traits ought to at all times be present in any relationship no matter whether it’s between two people from completely different nations or not. Natural grace, good shape and excessive ethical values make them stand out above the counterparts from different countries. For the modern Chinese ladies who've their very own careers, they might discover a way to maintain a good balance between household and work and check out the very best to do something that's greatest for both. These web sites are aimed to provide the perfect mates to its customers; therefore their focus is in generating the very best portfolios for their potential clients.

February 2, 2024 at 4:42 PM

By: Bobwqu


The WDOG pin could also be discovered on the Management header on the Quanser QPID terminal board. And we lastly discovered the answer. For those who run this command on an interior router, it shows the statistics for all interior routers. The site is run by the Qpid Network, a number one online dating and relationship platform that has helped hundreds of thousands of singles discover a match by way of their web sites. To realize that, the location equips singles with in-depth instruments for relationship and speaking. The amount of knowledge you may see about every consumer depends on the positioning. They’'d should pay for a membership to see a picture of the person they're reading about. If you are struggling with what to say or learn how to say it, ask a good friend to learn over your profile to see if it is polite, inviting and accurate to who you are. Pets, occupation, earnings and dwelling state of affairs are normally on the list as well.

And when you’re sitting alone in your dwelling room filling out a personality profile on a web site, there is an even higher chance that the ensuing matches won't be excellent. Add an open chat room to any webpage and join along with your viewers. It gives a inventive and groundbreaking platform to its users to access personal email, movies, chat rooms, problem forums, blogs, native and national group, velocity courting, and far more. In 2002, Microsoft launched the Xbox Dwell service, including support for voice chat. In 2001, Sony launched the Network adapter for his or her PlayStation 2 video recreation console, which allowed voice chatting with a headset. Metroid Prime Hunters, which was released in March 2006, was the first sport that allowed voice chatting by the Nintendo qpid network DS's microphone. First we want to understand what the goal of Social Networking must be because many individuals simply don’t appear to “get it”. And if you're on the receiving end of that name, assume lengthy and onerous earlier than agreeing to a last-minute first date. Some relationships end with barely a whimper, the expected result from a bond of two events with out a real dedication to dedication. In this text, we’ll be specializing in essentially the most primary sort of dating site -- one that works to carry two people collectively for a romantic relationship.

Before you obtain an app or two and create your profile, Bobby recommends some soul-looking. Take a look at my profile, and if you’re interested, send me a message,” is probably adequate. So let's have a look at the ways etiquette adjustments, from relationship -- online or not -- through divorce. Dating ideas are available upon many web sites via the online free of charge. Social networks are amazing tools for making new mates. Personal grievances immediately seem posted to public profiles, mutual online associates are abruptly excommunicated, and virtual salt is rubbed into very real wounds. If you're trying to remain friendly with one another, perhaps you may remain associates on Fb, meaning you'll be able to view revealing wall posts and comments. When you're carried out, you're immune to pokes, messages, and wall posts from the blocked individual. Not to mention, maybe you’re also being fed their posts and photos, making it tougher to maneuver on publish-breakup or ghosting. The security features embrace being ready to block customers you don’t like.

All eight analog inputs may be sampled concurrently by studying all eight channels with a single HIL Read block. In addition to one lacking bundle (which can imho be fastened) I could not really learn out different reasons why EL5 is not targeted. In spite of everything, it’s all subjective, and there isn't a manner one may simply develop an analytics instrument that may simply count the chances and offer you a precise and unprejudiced answer. In recent times, single Ukraine ladies have been using dating apps more frequently, which helped Qpid Network turn into one of many leading international relationship apps on the earth. Mbuzzy is extra of a "hook-up" site than a general curiosity social community like Fb. It takes you another couple of weeks to outline what's it exactly, then you definately waste some more time hoping that it would actually be high quality earlier than lastly deciding to go away it for good. In consequence, it might depart you feeling emptier than the breakup did or drive you to do stuff you wouldn't normally do.

Add your own comment (all fields are necessary)

Substance readers:

You must give your first name and last name under "Name" when you post a comment at We are not operating a blog and do not allow anonymous or pseudonymous comments. Our readers deserve to know who is commenting, just as they deserve to know the source of our news reports and analysis.

Please respect this, and also provide us with an accurate e-mail address.

Thank you,

The Editors of Substance

Your Name

Your Email

What's your comment about?

Your Comment

Please answer this to prove you're not a robot:

4 + 3 =