Victor Jara's murderers finally indicted -- 30 years after September 11, 1973 coup d'etat against the elected socialist government of Chile began creating the so-called 'free market' military dictatorship in Chile
"The bodes of both men [Victor Jara and Littre Quiroga] and three other victims were later found dumped near a railroad track outside a cemetary; one of the victims remains unidentified. According to the autopsy report, Mr. [Victor] Jara was badly beaten and was shot 44 times." (New York Times, December 12, 2012).
According to The New York Times and Chilean media, the government of Chile has finally indicted the alleged murderers of Chilean folk singer and revolutionary leader Victor Jara. "Eight retired Army officers were charged on Friday with the murder of a popular songwriter and theater director, Victor Jara, who was tortured and killed days after the 1973 military coup in a stadium that had been turned into a detention center," the Times reported in a December 29, 2012 story.
Despite the work in recent years to expose the murderous onset of the "free market" economy that grew with Chicago help in Chile after the coup d'etat that destroyed the government of Salvador Allende on September 11, 1973, the 30th anniversary of the CIA-organized coup in September 2013 will only allow part of the story to be told.
An untold part of the story will be the role played by American unions, led by AFL-CIO President George Meany, in the anti-communist attacks on truly free unions and socialists around the world. Although it was still in its early stages at the time of the overthrow of the Allende government, the work of the American Federation of Teachers in that project had begun, with at least one AFT staffer in Chile at the time, using access to school and community organizations to create the lists of people who were rounded up by the military in the days following September 11, 1973. Allende himself was dead by then, supposedly a "suicide."
Between 20,000 and 30,000 Chilean citizens, from government officials to leaders of local unions, including teachers, were murdered by the Pinochet dictatorship during the year after the coup. The ability of the military to identify and locate those who led the community in its struggles was facilitated by American unionists who had been working in cooperation with the CIA abroad.
Following the destruction of the socialist infrastructure of Chile and its leadership, the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet brought about what was called a "free market" economy. The Pinochet dictatorship had economic advice from University of Chicago economist Milton Friedman. The students and graduate students who worked with Friedman in Chile became known, infamously around the world, as the "Chicago Boys." Their program, implemented behind bayonets, brought about the privatization of one of the best public school systems in Latin America. Other public programs under attack included social security and health care. Charter schools and other private schooling was promoted by the government.
Some have begun to call the new generation of privatization zealots now working for the federal government in the U.S. Department of Education under Secretary Arne Duncan the "New Chicago Boys," since they are pushing the same programs that their forebears from the same place pushed under the military dictatorship in Chile from 1973 through the early 1990s. Despite enormous pressure to revise the history of Chile by The Wall Street Journal and others, the truth has been coming out more and more in recent years, and many of those responsible for the atrocities have been indicted, including Augusto Pinochet, now deceased.
One of the reasons why the union movement in the USA declined during the final days of the Cold War was that the leaders of the AFL-CIO promoted an anti-communist agenda around the world, spending millions of dollars on activities such as the Chilean coup rather than on organizing workers in the USA.
THE TIMES STORY AS IT APPEARED ON LINE IS BELOW HERE:
Eight Are Charged With Chilean Singerâ€™s 1973 Murder After Military Coup, By PASCALE BONNEFOY. Published: December 28, 2012
SANTIAGO, Chile â€” Eight retired army officers were charged on Friday with the murder of a popular songwriter and theater director, VÃctor Jara, who was tortured and killed days after the 1973 military coup in a stadium that had been turned into a detention center.
Judge Miguel VÃ¡squez charged two of the former officers, Pedro Barrientos and Hugo SÃ¡nchez, with committing the murder and six others as accomplices. Mr. SÃ¡nchez, a lieutenant colonel, was second in command at the stadium. Mr. Barrientos, a lieutenant from a Tejas Verdes army unit, currently lives in Deltona, a city southwest of Daytona Beach, Fla., and was interrogated by the F.B.I. earlier this year at the request of a Chilean court. Attempts to reach Mr. Barrientos for comment were unsuccessful; his two listed telephone numbers had been disconnected.
Judge VÃ¡squez issued an international arrest warrant against Mr. Barrientos through Interpol Santiago and ordered the arrest of the other seven, who were in Chile. Those charged as accomplices are Roberto Souper, RaÃºl JofrÃ©, Edwin Dimter, Nelson Hasse, Luis Bethke and Jorge Smith.
VÃctor Jara, then 40, was a member of the Communist Party and a leading folk singer in the late 1960s and early â€™70s. A day after the American-supported Sept. 11 coup that ousted the socialist president, Salvador Allende, Mr. Jara was arrested by the military at the Santiago Technical University, where he was a professor and researcher, along with hundreds of students, teachers and staff members.
The detainees were bused to Chile Stadium, since then renamed VÃctor Jara Stadium, and held in the bleachers for days with thousands of other prisoners, in the custody of army units brought in from various parts of the country.
Judge VÃ¡squez established that Mr. Jara was recognized by military officers, separated from the rest of the detainees and taken to the basement dressing rooms, which were being used to question prisoners. There, he was interrogated, beaten and tortured by several officers, according to the court.
On Sept. 16, 1973, when the stadium was evacuated and the prisoners transferred to the larger, open-air National Stadium in the capital, VÃctor Jara and a former prison service director, LittrÃ© Quiroga, who was also detained there, were taken to the basement and killed. The bodies of both men and three other victims were later found dumped near a railroad track outside a cemetery; one of the victims remains unidentified. According to the autopsy report, Mr. Jara was badly beaten and was shot 44 times.
Mr. Jaraâ€™s widow, Joan Turner, a British dancer and a resident of Santiago, was unavailable for comment.
A version of this article appeared in print on December 29, 2012, on page A6 of the New York edition with the headline: Eight Are Charged With Chilean Singerâ€™s 1973 Murder After Military Coup.