CTU rejects independent fact finder report
The Chicago Teachers Union House of Delegates voted unanimously to reject a contract negotiations fact finding report issued by Independent Fact Finder Edwin Benn. While the report proposed a fair salary increase for teachers, delegates voted against the report at the special meeting on July 18 because it didn't recommend any changes in the contract to permit recall rights for displaced or honorably discharged teachers, it didn't recommend fair salary increases for non-teaching staff, and it didn't address class size issues.
CTU President Karen Lewis addressed the press following the House of Delegate's meeting. Her prepared remarks follow. Following that, some press questions and Lewis answer.
Remarks by Chicago Teachers Union President Karen GJ Lewis at July 18, 2012 News Conference
Thank you. Iâ€™d like to introduce Chicago Teachers Union Vice President Jesse Sharkey, Recording Secretary Michael Brunson, Financial Secretary Kristine Mayle, and CTU Attorney Robert Bloch.
Today the Chicago Teachers Union House of Delegates reviewed the details of a contract negotiations fact finding report issued by Independent Fact Finder Edwin Benn. After consideration of the merits of his report the House of Delegates voted unanimously to reject it.
We wish to thank Fact-Finder Benn for his efforts to pay close attention to the issues in dispute. I wish to especially note that he not only proposed a fair salary increase for Chicago public school educators but also recognized what nearly every Chicagoan who follows this dispute recognizes, and I quote his words:
â€œBreaking this dispute down to its simplest terms, the Board has exercised its authority to impose a sea change driven by the substantial lengthening of the school day and year, with the expectation that the employees will work those additional hours (approximately 20% more) for free or without fair compensation for the additional work. The employees will not do that and should not be expected to do that.â€
There are many other issues related to improving the education of Chicagoâ€™s children that have yet to be resolved. The school boardâ€™s failure to offer us fair compensation or to even consider measures to retain qualified and experienced teachers, paraprofessionals, and clinicians in our schools are very serious issues. However, those do not trump our concerns about:
Reducing class size so that we can adequately address the varying educational needs of each child before them, or
The need for not merely a longer school day, BUT a BETTER DAY which offers students a world class education. We must make it a priority to deliver to every student in every classroom a rich curriculum that includes art, music, foreign language, and physical education.
In taking todayâ€™s vote our delegates â€“ who represent teachers, clinicians, and PSRPâ€™s that work in over 600 school sites â€“ gave their full support to our Unionâ€™s negotiating team which even this morning maintained a â€œgood faith bargaining attitudeâ€ during a long negotiating session with the Chicago Board of Education.
As for our next steps, we are committed to continuing to talk with and inform the school board negotiators about our work in Chicagoâ€™s classrooms. We are committed to working to achieve a labor contract that truly serves the needs of all Chicago public school students. Thank you.
Following the prepared remarks, Karen Lewis fielded questions.
â€œWhy did you reject the report when it went in your favor?â€
â€œIt did not go in our favor. The financials are one part of this contract. And for our paraprofessionals, we would like to read it that they are included, but the Board is reading it that theyâ€™re not. So how can we have an increase of pay for some of our members, but not others?â€
â€œWhat is your confidence level about getting this done without a strike?â€
â€œOur confidence level is high because we have to assume that the people across the table from us want a contract. I think that is absolutely the simplest way to put it. If you want a contract there will be a contract. The key is how do you want that to happen. Do you want that the hard way? Or the easy way. That is actually not up to us. Weâ€™ve done our part. â€œ
â€œWhat is your message to the Board tonight?â€
â€œThey have done everything possible to tilt these negotiations and the law and everything in their favor. We would like everything to be on a real level playing field. They wanted to take away our ability to stop them from doing anything they want to do. So letâ€™s get out of Burger King mode, where 'you can have it your way', and letâ€™s work together on this contract.â€
â€œYou mentioned some of the other issues that made the House reject the report. Can you speak about those more specifically?â€
â€œWe have some solutions [on a longer / better day] and we would like to negotiate that way instead of the Board saying we have some arbitrary number and weâ€™re doing it this way. Thatâ€™s an issue.
"We are still very concerned about not having a recall provision. We know that they want to close a zillion schools. We know that. That is part of their â€˜district priority.â€™ So, if youâ€™re going to close schools there are people for no fault of their own â€¦ theyâ€™re not getting hired. That needs to stop.â€œ
â€œWhen does the 30-day cooling-off period begin?â€
â€œIt starts today."
â€œToday, not tomorrow?â€
[CTU Lawyer Robert Bloch]: â€œTomorrow is Day One.â€
â€œSo August 17, is that correct. Explain the process.â€
â€œ30 day wait period. Statute also requires 10 day strike notice.â€
â€œWhen will the CTU get back to the bargaining table?â€
" This morning. I mean there has been an average of three meetings a week. We have never left. I wish you all wouldnâ€™t say 'back to the table.' We never left the table. We never believed the fact finder report was going to be what they claimed it to be.
â€œKaren, the Board said the fact finder should not have written about the longer day.â€
â€œOf course thatâ€™s what theyâ€™ll say. They wanted the fact finder to do what they wanted him to do. An independent arbitrator looks at everything. Including this toxic relationship which they started.
"The Board wants everything their way. But part of the problem with the Board is that that place is a mess. You wouldnâ€™t get 90 percent of people voting for a strike if things are fine. â€œ
â€œHave you brought other things to the table?â€
â€œNothing is prohibited."
â€œHave you noticed a change in tone at the table?â€
â€œIâ€™ve noticed a change in the tone since May 23. When you bring 10,000 people in the street, people have a new way of looking at you., There was a change since the Strike Authorization Vote Itâ€™s time to reset this relationship. We have always said we want a better relationship."
â€œHave you heard from the mayor directly?â€
â€œWhat are the marching orders to the delegates to tell the members?â€
â€œAre you telling your members to save their money for a strike?â€
â€œWeâ€™ve been telling them that since November. Telling people to be prepared. Our organizers are working. We hope that our people are not waiting until just now.â€
Question about the House of Delegateâ€™s vote to reject the fact finderâ€™s report.
â€œPeople understand the implications. The beauty of educators is we all know how to read and do math. We understand. No it wasnâ€™t a hard sell. â€œ
The following CTU document lays out some of the CTU arguments for and against the Edwin Benn's Fact-Finding Report. It is written by Vice President Jesse Sharkey. It was originally posted on the CTU website as Fact-Finding Report Goes Public
CTU House of Delegates Rejects Proposals!
JULY 18, 2012
Due to the passage of Senate Bill 7, the so-called "Education Reform" bill that mainly changed collective bargaining procedures, CTU and CPS have to follow a set of procedures if the two sides hit impasse over negotiations.
The "Fact-Finding" period has ended and the two sides, along with the neutral Fact-Finder Edwin H. Benn have issued their statements. Chicago Board of Education has issued their dissent, and after an emergency meeting of the Chicago Teachers Union's House of Delegates, CTU has decided to reject Arbitrator Bennâ€™s proposals.
The following are statements from the three parties involved in negotiations. Concurrence and Dissent
Jesse Sharkey â€“ Chicago Teachers Union appointed member
The fact-finding process was written into statute by SB 7, a â€œcollaborationâ€ which began with the threat of completely removing collective bargaining rights for teachers in Illinois. The fact that everyone accepted the final bill owed to the following deal for Chicago: the district was allowed to impose a longer day and year, and the union preserved the right to strike, provided we reached 75% strike authorization.
Of course, this is the first time Chicago has negotiated a contract under the new strictures, and there has been much gnashing and crying (The union has voted too early! The fact finder must take â€˜fiscal reality into account! Etc!) which amounts to this: some of the champions of this new law had clearly hoped that it would simply allow them to impose their willâ€”and do away with the tiresome business of negotiating in good faith with the people who actually make the schools work. But reality has a nasty habit of interfering with plansâ€”the teachers, PSRPâ€™s and clinicians of the Chicago Public Schools have rallied, voted, and otherwise proven that we will have a say in what happens to our schools.
Now we arrive at this reportâ€”a look at the issues by an experienced labor arbitratorâ€”a neutral partyâ€”who has the power to tell us what we donâ€™t want to hear, but only if we listen.
As Benn lays out in his conclusion, â€œThe short but difficult solution to this dispute is that the Board cannot unilaterally restructure the Unionâ€™s contract and further expect employees to work 20% more for free or without fair compensationâ€¦â€ And Benn goes on to calculate fair compensation as 14.85% in the first year. Benn also points out that â€œthe Board can reduce its costs by correspondingly reducing the length of the school day and year.â€
If that were the sum total of the issues on the table the Union could accept the report, remind the Board that in early June CEO Brizard wrote, â€œteachers deserve a raise and will receive one that is fair. How much that raise should be is in the hands of an independent fact finderâ€ and move on. But the question of compensationâ€”however importantâ€”does not trump our concerns about class size, a better day, and job security.
Ultimately, the fact finding process will leave these and other many unsettled issues for the bargaining table, but will serve a useful role if it helps to encourage both parties to move from their currently held positions.
I respectfully dissent. The Union proposed a 2-year agreement and cannot accept Fact-Finder Chairman Edwin Bennâ€™s proposed 4-year agreement, despite his recommendation that wages and benefits can be reopened in the third and fourth years.
Though Mr. Benn recommended a re-opener of health insurance and wage issues at the request of either party for the third and fourth years of the proposed agreement, he recommends that any dispute be submitted to binding arbitration, and the Union could not agree to defer these important issues to arbitration. It would prefer to negotiate its own agreed solution.
2. General wage increases.
I concur, for all salaried employees including teachers, clinicians, and PSRPâ€™s listed in Appendix A and subject to the two-year limit on duration. 3. Health Insurance.
I respectfully dissent. I cannot agree that the entire burden of increased health care costs be placed on families. Also, I cannot agree to an increase in Emergency Room co-pays without conditions. Many CPS staff use emergency rooms for after-hours medical care because of the scarcity of night and weekend urgent care facilities in Chicago, and because the demands of teaching make it difficult to schedule medical appointments during office hours. This problem must be addressed as part of the health insurance package. Finally, the Union has proposed that the parties establish a meaningful Labor-Management Cooperation Committee with authority to make agreed changes in health care providers, plan design and employee cost. Without such a committee, there is no agreed mechanism for providing the highest quality health care at the lowest possible cost.
4. Compensation for longer school day and year
I concur, for all salaried employees including teachers, clinicians, and PSRPâ€™s listed in Appendix A.
Fact-Finder Benn has rightly recognized what nearly every Chicagoan who follows this dispute recognizes:
â€œBreaking this dispute down to its simplest terms, the Board has exercised its authority to impose a sea change driven by the substantial lengthening of the school day and year, with the expectation that the employees will work those additional hours (approximately 20% more) for free or without fair compensation for the additional work. The employees will not do that and should not be expected to do that. (Sec. IX at 59)â€
Fact-Finder Benn proposes a first year total increase 14.85%, plus maintaining existing steps and lanes. It is very significant how he calculated it.
Fact-Finder Benn recognizes that CPS is increasing work day/year by 19.4%, and he bases his calculation in part on the premise that teachersâ€™ pay should be increased proportionately. But Mr. Benn also gives CPS a credit for past raises that exceeded the cost of living for the entire 2007-12 contract. Thus, while 2007-12 contract rates increased 17% (compounded), Benn gave CPS a credit against the next contract for all increases over cost of livingâ€”which he calculates at 10.3% for the same period. He deducts this difference (6.7%) from the 19.4%, then adds in this yearâ€™s cost of living, settling at 14.85%
So CPS cannot claim that Mr. Bennâ€™s recommendation somehow overpays teachers because of raises teachers received in the past. CPS cannot claim that the last contract already paid teachers enough for next yearâ€™s wages, because Mr. Benn proposes 14.85% even after deducting the prior yearsâ€™ increases that exceeded the cost of living. Notably, if wages in the 2007-12 contract were suppressed to be cost of living only, it would have significantly lowered Chicago teachersâ€™ pay relative to other major cities. In the end, Mr. Benn is saying that even if teachers only received cost of living increases from 2007 through the end of the next contract, they should still be paid 14.85% this coming year.
Note that the recommendation states that if CPS reduces length of work day/year, the reduction in compensation â€œwill be proportionate.â€
Fact-Finder Benn later suggests Union should compromise here due to its receipt of unexpected benefits in the 2007-12 contract that was negotiated before the onset of the current recession. He also suggests that the Union should â€œput aside the rage caused by the Boardâ€™s withholding the 4% increase for 2011-12.â€ (p. 59)
In the end, though the Union concurs with the total amount of wage increases recommended by Mr. Benn, its reasons are not the same. The Unionâ€™s position on a salary increase is based on the undeniable facts that a promised salary increase was revoked, that educators at CPS will be working much harder, must grapple with enormous changes to be imposed in curriculum and teacher evaluation, and are already working close to 60 hours per week, as documented in a 2012 University of Illinois study. Without delineating all of the factors individually and in detail, the Union nevertheless concurs that the pay recommendation in Mr. Bennâ€™s report would settle the issue of a raise, including the 2.25% for the second year. 5. Sick leave and short-term disability leave.
I respectfully dissent. Fact-Finder Benn declines to take sufficiently into account that compensation for unused sick days has been negotiated over decades into the labor contract, in exchange for wage increases. His adoption of a use-it-or-lose-it proposal on unused sick leave is unnecessarily restrictive. The Union has proposed that employees be compensated for unused sick leave.
6. Job Security/Reassignment
I respectfully dissent. CPS in recent years has laid off thousands of teachers for reasons that have nothing to do with teaching abilities or job performance, but rather to balance its budget or to close schools. Unlike almost any other employees with collective bargaining rights, these teachers currently have no right to be recalled to employment. They are fired â€“ CPSâ€™s term for it is â€œhonorably dismissed.â€ If these teachers hope to find employment, they must line up like any other new applicant and are given literally no credit for their years of service.
Unfortunately, these layoffs have become a fact of life in Chicago, with almost 1,300 teachers and hundreds of PSRPs laid off in 2010, hundreds more in 2011, and we expect more than a 1,000 layoffs this year. The Boardâ€™s stated policy of school closures combined with a stated goal of opening 60 more charter schools within 5 years ensures that layoffs will be a semi-permanent feature of life in the Chicago Public Schools for the foreseeable future. No union seeking to ensure the viability of public school teaching as a career could afford to ignore this issue.
Mr. Benn acknowledges that â€œperhaps the current system is in need of repair and is not functioning well,â€ but he declines to recommend any changes to permit recall rights to teachers.
7. and 8. Other issues
I respectfully dissent.
Mr. Benn has declined to address, and categorically rejected, any other changes to the labor contract. Regrettably, he doesnâ€™t recognize the other â€œsea changesâ€ (p.58) imposed by CPS that require modifications to the labor contract such as a new evaluation system and the Common Core standards. The new contract must address evaluations of teachers. In addition, many of the unionâ€™s proposals that concerned day-to-day workplace concerns, such as language on heat and air conditioning, language on paperwork reduction, rules on teaching assignments, and others were intended to offer some relief to educators who are struggling under the weight of constantly rising expectations. Conclusion
There is no doubt that this report has the potential to help the Chicago Teachers Union and the Chicago Board of Education climb down from the high wire on which we are grappling. By offering his straightforward analysis of the Longer Day and compensation, Arbitrator Benn has injected some rationality into the discussion about what scale of reforms CPS is able afford in an era of fiscal restraint.
There is no doubt that CPS will complain bitterly about this award, claiming that Mr. Benn misinterpreted the law and had no right to make such a finding. But in making this complaint, CPS runs the risk of ignoring what Arbitrator Benn calls The Realities: â€œThis is a highly charged, volatile labor dispute with profound implications as up to 25,000 teachers and other staff and employees are poised to strike putting 400,000 children out of school.â€ Finally, Arbitrator Benn said that â€œthis [fact finding] process is not a substitute for the give and take across the bargaining table.â€ The Union couldnâ€™t agree more, and has every intention of working as hard as possible to negotiate a reasonable settlement to this dispute.
 The original education reform legislation in Illinois, called â€œPerformance Countsâ€ was introduced just prior to the negotiations that produced SB7. Performance Counts would have replaced collective bargaining with a system in which the employer could impose their final offer in the event of an impasse. Unions could only strike with the employers permission. http://www.iasaedu.org/images/stories/Performance%20Counts%20Act%20of%202010_final%281%29.pdf
 See Jonah Edelman at the Aspen Institute http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ddtd0vt6oYE
 Brizard, JC. June 5, 2012. http://www.cps.edu/News/Announcements/Pages/06_05_2012_A1.aspx